Periodontal disease is a condition that affects both the gums and the bones that hold the teeth in place. Disease causing bacteria infects the gums, causing inflammation of the tissues, leading to loss of bone support. Early stages can only be detected by a dental professional, but more advanced stages can show signs such as elongated teeth, loose teeth, swollen/inflamed gums, and bad breath.
It is likely that you may have periodontal disease if you have ever had any of the following:
- History of treatments such as scaling and root planning (commonly known as deep cleaning)
- Teeth that are loose
- Sensitivity and/or bleeding of gums
Your dentist will give you a thorough assessment to check if you have periodontal disease (including x-rays and an examination of your gums). Once diagnosed, treatment can begin. Scaling and root planning will be performed to clean out the diseased tissue. It is important to always maintain proper home care techniques, as well as comply with regular dental visits to keep your teeth and gums in good health.
Diagnosing Periodontal Disease
In order to properly diagnose periodontal disease, we will perform assessments including x-rays and periodontal probing to determine the health of your gums and bone.
- X-rays allow us to see the level of supporting bone height around the teeth, as well as seeing any buildup surrounding the teeth and underneath the gums
- Periodontal probing is an exam where measurements of the gums are taken in order to determine their health status
Deeper readings will be necessary in cases of periodontal disease. Tissues will be assessed for signs of disease, such as redness, inflammation, and bleeding. Any buildup will also be noted, as that can be a contributing factor to periodontal disease.
Once diagnosed with periodontal disease, you will always have periodontal disease. However, with proper home care and regular dental visits, you can be able to maintain your disease at a healthy standing.
Following periodontal therapy, including scaling and root planning, patients are put on a periodontal maintenance program for their dental cleanings. This may include coming more frequently for cleanings so as to better maintain the health of your gums.
Assessments will be performed regularly, including x-rays and periodontal probings, to determine if your disease is being well maintained, or if other treatments may be needed. Complying with your recommended periodontal maintenance program is important to keep your gums clean and healthy.
We offer the latest gum treatments to stop gum disease from progressing, which includes
soft tissue management, medications, gum grafts and new tissue regenerative procedures. If your gums are detracting from the appearance of your smile, we also offer procedures such as gum lifts and pocket elimination surgery. Click here to contact us and set up a free consultation.